Agriculture: a revised bill that reinforces the productivist model

Agricultural anger has been present. Under pressure, the government revised its copy and rewrote the agricultural guidance and future bill, a campaign promise by Emmanuel Macron, reiterated in September 2022 and considered a highlight of his second five-year term. After long consultations and numerous postponements, the revised text, now called “Draft law on guidelines for agricultural sovereignty and generational change in agriculture”, should be presented to the Council of Ministers on Friday, March 29. Parliament should then address it on May 13.

Read our editorial | Agriculture: an impossible but essential debate

The Government presented its bill to the Council of State at the end of February and held talks on this issue with agricultural representatives. Although this text does not prejudge the final version (it could be modified after examination by the administrative court), it does give clear signals of its guidelines.

First observation: the new version is complete with respect to the version that the Minister of Agriculture, Marc Fesneau, was going to present in January, although it maintains the initial objective of facing two great challenges, that of climate change and the preservation of biodiversity, on the one hand, and that of generational renewal, on the other.

He also points out that within ten years a third of farmers will be of retirement age. Without setting, however, an objective regarding the number of installations. The new articles complement the provisions already presented for the training of future farmers and strengthening support for transmissions and installations.

“The defense of the fundamental interests of the nation”

From now on, it is food sovereignty that is required as a preamble to the bill that must “establish this imperative as one of the strategic priorities of our public policies”. During the inauguration of the Agricultural Show on February 24, Macron pledged to ” recognize (L’)agriculture and (L’)Food as a great general interest of the French nation. This will be enshrined in law. This will protect (L’)agriculture (from France) firmly and solidly”.

Read also | Article reserved for our subscribers. The Agricultural Hall, battlefield of the European elections

This is done in article 1 which stipulates “Agriculture, fishing, aquaculture and food are of great general interest because they guarantee food sovereignty, which contributes to the defense of the fundamental interests of the nation.”

You have 59.47% of this article left to read. The rest is reserved for subscribers.

Leave a Comment